Folktales from Louisiana Introduction A basic principle in the study of folklore and anthropology is that in order to understand a cultural feature, one must understand the context in which it exists. Therefore, to understand a basket, dance, song, ritual, or story, one must know about the maker, dancer, singer, practitioner, or teller.
Links Member beliefs Most Latter-day Saints are fully aware that black men were excluded from the priesthood from its inception till It was largely taught in the Church that up through the s blacks were denied the priesthood because they were from the lineage of Cain, who was cursed with a black skin after killing his brother Abel.
People were born black because they were less valiant in the pre-existence. The ban on blacks holding the priesthood was reversed due to revelation received by the prophet Spencer W.
Kimball in and was not due to the civil rights movement. Prospective converts, even black ones, are not told about the prior priesthood ban on blacks.
The Church doesn't deny it but prefers not to discuss it. The Church has not admitted that the original ban was a mistake nor has it offered any form of apology.
The leaders say the proclamation took care of that. Some current members believe that the ban was wrongly instituted by Brigham Young and was not really God's will. Others believe it was God's will and the reasons were as many of the leaders taught for years, that blacks were cursed and less valiant in the pre-existence.
Many other Latter-day Saints believe it was God's will but they do not know the reason. Sincethe Church has avoided publicly commenting on the reasons for the ban in the first place.
Racist comments made by leaders of the Church The leaders of the church up through the s made it very clear why blacks were denied the priesthood.
There are too many City life during the mid 1800s essay to list them all but here is a sample of the comments made by various LDS officials emphasis added: Joseph Smith, 1st President of the Church Having learned with extreme regret, that an article entitled, 'Free People of Color,' in the last number of the Star has been misunderstood, we feel in duty bound to state, in this Extra, that our intention was not only to stop free people of color from emigrating to this state, but to prevent them from being admitted as members of the Church.
History of the Church, 1: History of the Church, Vol. If the white man who belongs to the chosen seed mixes his blood with the seed of Cain, the penalty, under the law of God, is death on the spot. This will always be so.
Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses, Volume 10, page You see some classes of the human family that are black, uncouth, un- comely, disagreeable and low in their habits, wild, and seemingly deprived of nearly all the blessings of the intelligence that is generally bestowed upon mankind.
The first man that committed the odious crime of killing one of his brethren will be cursed the longest of any one of the children of Adam. Cain slew his brother. Cain might have been killed, and that would have put a termination to that line of human beings.
This was not to be, and the Lord put a mark upon him, which is the flat nose and black skin. Trace mankind down to after the flood, and then another curse is pronounced upon the same race - that they should be the "servant of servants;" and they will be, until that curse is removed; and the Abolitionists cannot help it, nor in the least alter that decree.
How long is that race to endure the dreadful curse that is upon them? That curse will remain upon them, [p. Until the last ones of the residue of Adam's children are brought up to that favourable position, the children of Cain cannot receive the first ordinances of the Priesthood.
They were the first that were cursed, and they will be the last from whom the curse will be removed. When the residue of the family of Adam come up and receive their blessings, then the curse will be removed from the seed of Cain, and they will receive blessings in like proportion.
Journal of Discourses 7: You may inquire of the intelligent of the world whether they can tell why the aborigines of this country are dark, loathsome, ignorant, and sunken into the depths of degradation When the Lord has a people, he makes covenants with them and gives unto them promises: PDF file It is not the prerogative of the President of the United States to meddle with this matter, and Congress is not allowed, according to the [p.
If Utah was admitted into the Union as a sovereign State, and we chose to introduce slavery here, it is not their business to meddle with it; and even if we treated our slaves in an oppressive manner, it is still none of their business and they ought not to meddle with it.
Journal of Discourses 4: PDF file In our first settlement in Missouri, it was said by our enemies that we intended to tamper with the slaves, not that we had any idea of the kind, for such a thing never entered our minds.
We knew that the children of Ham were to be the "servant of servants," and no power under heaven could hinder it, so long as the Lord would permit them to welter under the curse and those were known to be our religious views concerning them.
Journal of Discourses, 2: PDF file John Taylor, 3rd President of the Church And after the flood we are told that the curse that had been pronounced upon Cain was continued through Ham's wife, as he had married a wife of that seed.
And why did it pass through the flood? PDF file Why is it, in fact, that we should have a devil?In Britain in the mids working class families could take the train to vacation spots Before the s musicians usually performed in private homes or at religious services During the s, city governments began building new concert halls and theaters and supporting more orchestras, bands and choral groups.
City life in the s Chapter City life in the s. STUDY. PLAY. Louis Sullivan. Who was the leading architect of skyscrapers in the late nineteenth century, stressed the need for building designs that followed function? His works combined beauty, modest cost, and efficient use of space. In this essay, historian James Huffman outlines the history of the critical transition Japan underwent between and , as well as providing some background about the events leading up to this period of rapid societal change.
Analysis of Heaney's Poem "Mid-Term Break" - Mid-term Break at first glance, seems to be a fairly simple, straight forward poem, in the way that (at first) it seems to lack emotion and has a child-like quality and feel; but as you read on, you notice various elements and techniques that Heaney has subtly incorporated into the poem to make you think otherwise.
During this time, living in America would have been a negative experience. One of the things that made life in America hard for the Native Americans was the Dawes Act of The Dawes Act stated that the Native Americans would be given acres of land per household, and that they had to farm it. Life in the s Everyone in your family tree was young once, but childhood today is very different from what it was a century or more ago.
Before the Victorian era, children as young as 6 or 8 years old might work in a mill or factory, they might run errands and make deliveries for a store keeper, they may be apprenticed to a skilled.