Was the Atomic Bombing of Japan Necessary? Merely posing the question provokes indignation, even rage.
They discussed the post-war order and peace treaty issues. America had the bomb. When Harry Truman learned of the success of the Manhattan Project, he knew he was faced with a decision of unprecedented gravity. The capacity to end the war with Japan was in his hands, but it would involve unleashing the most terrible weapon ever known.
American soldiers and civilians were weary from four years of war, yet the Japanese military was refusing to give up their fight. American forces occupied Okinawa and Iwo Jima and were intensely fire bombing Japanese cities. But Japan had an army of 2 million strong stationed in the home islands guarding against invasion.
A "mushroom" cloud rises over the city of Nagasaki on August 9,following the detonation of "Fat Man.
For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life. First, an Allied demand for an immediate unconditional surrender was made to the leadership in Japan. Although the demand stated that refusal would result in total destruction, no mention of any new weapons of mass destruction was made.
The Japanese military command rejected the request for unconditional surrender, but there were indications that a conditional surrender was possible. Regardless, on August 6,a plane called the Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima.
Instantly, 70, Japanese citizens were vaporized. In the months and years that followed, an additionalperished from burns and radiation sickness. Exploding directly over a city of , the bomb vaporized over 70, people instantly and caused fires over two miles away.
Two days later, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan. On August 9, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, where 80, Japanese people perished. On August 14,the Japanese surrendered.
A new age of nuclear terror led to a dangerous arms race.
Some military analysts insist that Japan was on its knees and the bombings were simply unnecessary. The American government was accused of racism on the grounds that such a device would never have been used against white civilians.
On August 6, the city of Hiroshima, Japan remembers those who lost their lives when the atomic bomb fell. Thousands attend the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony annually. Other critics argued that American diplomats had ulterior motives. The Soviet Union had entered the war against Japan, and the atomic bomb could be read as a strong message for the Soviets to tread lightly.
Regardless, the United States remains the only nation in the world to have used a nuclear weapon on another nation.
Truman stated that his decision to drop the bomb was purely military. A Normandy-type amphibious landing would have cost an estimated million casualties. Truman believed that the bombs saved Japanese lives as well.
Prolonging the war was not an option for the President. Over 3, Japanese kamikaze raids had already wrought great destruction and loss of American lives. The President rejected a demonstration of the atomic bomb to the Japanese leadership. He knew there was no guarantee the Japanese would surrender if the test succeeded, and he felt that a failed demonstration would be worse than none at all.
Even the scientific community failed to foresee the awful effects of radiation sickness. Truman saw little difference between atomic bombing Hiroshima and fire bombing Dresden or Tokyo.
The ethical debate over the decision to drop the atomic bomb will never be resolved. The bombs did, however, bring an end to the most destructive war in history. The question that came flying out was, "How will the world use its nuclear capability?
Decision Hiroshima-Nagasaki Find short, descriptive links to many of the important documents surrounding the decision to use the atomic bomb on Japan here.Watch video · More than 70 years after the U.S.
dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the question of whether the decision was the right one is still being asked. State your opinion on whether you feel that the US should have dropped the atomic bomb and the effects it had on the world. Yes, it was terrible that so many people died, but in the end, it was what the U.S.
Thought was necessary. Japan still didn't surrender after the first bomb was dropped, only after the second one was dropped, the. Using the atomic bomb on Japan was the fastest way to produce a victory with the lowest cost in American lives.
Home Civic Opinion Debate Club Should Truman Have Used the Atomic Bomb? Exploding directly over a city of ,, the bomb vaporized over 70, people instantly and caused fires over two miles away.
Two days later, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan. On August 9, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, where 80, Japanese people perished. The Decision to Drop the Bomb 51g. The Decision to Drop the Bomb The ethical debate over the decision to drop the atomic bomb will never be resolved.
The bombs did, however, bring an end to the most destructive war in history. Hiroshima: Was it Necessary? The Atomic Bombing of Japan A fine place to find quotes, biographies, . The debate over the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki is a subject of contention concerning the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which took place on August 6 and 9, and marked the end of World War II.
The debate amongst scholars, popular media, and cultures tends to focus on the ethics and necessity of the bombings.